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A New Estimate of China’s Military Expenditure

1 semaine 6 jours ago
China publishes a national defence budget each year. In 2019 it reached 1.2 trillion yuan (US$175 billion). However, this figure does not account for all of China’s military spending. To provide a more accurate representation of China’s spending, SIPRI’s estimate—based on an analysis made in 1999—includes other items in addition to the official defence budget.
Dr Nan Tian;Fei Su

Conflict Mediation and Peacebuilding in the Sahel: The Role of Maghreb Countries in an African Framework

2 semaines 5 jours ago
Conflict dynamics in the Sahel are complex. The region faces a multidimensional crisis that includes the proliferation of terrorist groups, criminal networks, environmental pressures, state weaknesses and severe governance problems. In addition to this internal context, the Sahel crisis has been affected by external factors, such as the fall of Muammar Gaddafi and the civil war in Libya. Its deeper causes can be found in the structural factors of fragility in the sociopolitical dynamics of internal divisions, serial uprisings and weak states.
Dr Virginie Baudais;Amal Bourhrous;Dr Dylan O’Driscoll

Post-shipment Control Measures: European Approaches to On-site Inspections of Exported Military Materiel

1 mois 1 semaine ago
Post-shipment on-site inspections of exported military materiel enable an exporting country to verify that the materiel is still present in the country of destination and in the possession of the authorized end user. An increasing number of European countries are conducting on-site inspections, or are considering or planning to adopt such measures. A wide range of multilateral organizations already include the implementation of on-site inspections as part of their guidance documents.
Dr Andrea Edoardo Varisco ;Kolja Brockmann;Lucile Robin

Emerging Suppliers in the Global Arms Trade

1 mois 1 semaine ago
Even though the volumes of arms exported by emerging suppliers are lower than those of the established exporters, they can nonetheless have a direct impact on international and regional security. The diversification in global arms transfers caused by the emergence of new suppliers therefore deserves scrutiny. Brazil, South Korea, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates are examples of emerging suppliers.
Dr Lucie Béraud-Sudreau;Dr Diego Lopes da Silva;Alexandra Kuimova;Pieter D. Wezeman

SIPRI hosts workshop on nuclear challenges in South Asia

1 mois 1 semaine ago
On 8 and 9 December, SIPRI hosted a virtual workshop on ‘Nuclear challenges in South Asia: Views from India, Pakistan, China, Russia, Australia, New Zealand and the USA’. This event was part of SIPRI’s project on ‘Assessing Nuclear Deterrence Risks and Challenges in South Asia’.
SIPRI

The new EU peace mediation strategy: A step in the right direction on climate issues

1 mois 2 semaines ago
With two new documents, the European Union (EU) has officially recognized the relevance of climate change to peace mediation. This is a welcome and timely development, but the language used still does not put enough emphasis on the human dimension of climate-related security risks. In line with the evidence
Dr Florian Krampe;Dr Elise Remling

Mapping the International Presence of the World’s Largest Arms Companies

1 mois 3 semaines ago
Arms companies have a presence that reaches far beyond the countries in which they are headquartered. This is the result of the international­ization of the arms industry. This paper uses a new data set to examine the results of this internationalization in terms of the international presence of major arms companies. It presents a mapping comprising 400 foreign entities linked to the world’s largest arms companies.
Dr Lucie Béraud-Sudreau;Alexandra Marksteiner;Dr Diego Lopes da Silva;Dr Nan Tian;Alexandra Kuimova;Pieter D. Wezeman;Siemon T. Wezeman
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