On Friday 19 February, Dan Smith, SIPRI Director, and Renata Dwan, Deputy Director of Chatham House, gave an informal briefing on 'conflict futures' to the 15 UN Security Council Permanent Representatives at a meeting hosted by the United Kingdom Mission to the UN in New York.
Supporting Small Arms and Light Weapons Controls through Development Assistance: The Case of sub-Saharan Africa
The proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) has had a negative impact on conflict, security and development. In order to help states to address the multifaceted challenges posed by the proliferation of these weapons, some states as well as regional and international organizations have established a series of funding instruments and assistance programmes that support or provide SALW control-related assistance.
On 23 February the United Nations (UN) Security Council will hold an open session on the topic of climate change and security. The security implications of climate change are highly diverse, crossing and linking different sectors of society. They have a particular relevance for the peace operations conducted by the UN (see box 1 and figure 1 below). As of December 2020:
While grassroots participation in peace processes is increasingly recognized as a way of achieving more inclusive and sustainable peace, moving beyond the realm of traditional diplomacy among high-level actors remains a challenge. Community and grassroots organizations often remain at the periphery of peace processes. This can be due to contending priorities among civil society groups, geographical distance from the negotiation table, the language used during negotiations and implicit issues of hierarchy and privilege.
Energy transition is an essential element of the global effort to meet the objectives set out in the 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change. China and the European Union (EU) have agreed to work together to help deliver the financing needed to achieve energy transition, but more is needed.
This report provides an overview of the European Union Training Mission in the Central African Republic (EUTM RCA) and assesses its impact on the country's conflict dynamics since it was established in 2016.
SIPRI is pleased to launch a new video series on perceptions on nuclear challenges in South Asia featuring experts from India, Pakistan, Russia and the United States.
In November 2020, in the midst of the ‘second wave’ of COVID-19 and despite a projected 10.4 per cent decrease in the United Kingdom’s gross domestic product in 2020, the British Government announced a £16.5 billion budget boost for ‘defence’.
On 29 January, SIPRI and IPI hosted a virtual expert-level dialogue with Peacebuilding Commission members, focused on exploring the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) as a forum for discussions of climate-related security risks.
SIPRI and NUPI have agreed to a three-year cooperation with funding from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The aim of the collaboration is to inform the United Nations Security Council about climate-related security and development risks for selected countries and regions on the council’s agenda.
Following the declassification of the United States’ National Security Council’s (NSC) US Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific, and the transition from Donald J. Trump’s administration to that of President Joe Biden, USA–India relations have once again emerged at the forefront of US security policy. Even though the NSC framework was issued by a departing office, it is noteworthy for both its continuity with the strategies of George W.
SIPRI mourns the passing of Andrew Mack, a prominent figure of the peace research field.
SIPRI is pleased to launch a new film capturing a selection of insights from global actors on the shared challenges to international cooperation and ways forward.
A deadly pandemic to control. An urgent nationwide vaccination programme to roll out. An economic crisis to navigate. Political divisions and distrust deep enough to spark mob violence and terrorism. The 46th President of the United States faces a barrage of critical domestic challenges from day one.
SIPRI mourns the passing of former member of the SIPRI Governing Board, Sir Brian Urquhart (United Kingdom), who passed away on 2 January 2021 at the age of 101.
China publishes a national defence budget each year. In 2019 it reached 1.2 trillion yuan (US$175 billion). However, this figure does not account for all of China’s military spending. To provide a more accurate representation of China’s spending, SIPRI’s estimate—based on an analysis made in 1999—includes other items in addition to the official defence budget.
Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are the central instrument for states to communicate their contribution to the 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change and reflect their wider approach to climate mitigation and adaptation.
The Importance of Narrative in Nuclear Policymaking: A Study of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
This paper examines the role and importance of dominant narratives on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament policymaking, with a focus on the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Conflict Mediation and Peacebuilding in the Sahel: The Role of Maghreb Countries in an African Framework
Conflict dynamics in the Sahel are complex. The region faces a multidimensional crisis that includes the proliferation of terrorist groups, criminal networks, environmental pressures, state weaknesses and severe governance problems. In addition to this internal context, the Sahel crisis has been affected by external factors, such as the fall of Muammar Gaddafi and the civil war in Libya. Its deeper causes can be found in the structural factors of fragility in the sociopolitical dynamics of internal divisions, serial uprisings and weak states.
Post-shipment Control Measures: European Approaches to On-site Inspections of Exported Military Materiel
Post-shipment on-site inspections of exported military materiel enable an exporting country to verify that the materiel is still present in the country of destination and in the possession of the authorized end user. An increasing number of European countries are conducting on-site inspections, or are considering or planning to adopt such measures. A wide range of multilateral organizations already include the implementation of on-site inspections as part of their guidance documents.
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